myLesson 1: The Simple Present Tense

Standard

How do we make the Simple Present Tense?

Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb

(do)

(base)

There are three important exceptions:

  1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
  2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add –s to the main verb or –es to the auxiliary.
  3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

Look at these examples with the main verb like:

Subject Auxiliary Verb Main Verb

+

I, you, we, they like coffee.
He, she, it likes coffee.

I, you, we, they do not like coffee.
He, she, it does not like coffee.

?

Do I, you, we, they like coffee?
Does he, she, it like coffee?

Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:

Subject Main Verb

+

I am French.
You, we, they are French.
He, she, it is French.

_

I am not old.
You, we, they are not old.
He, she, it is not old.

?

Am I late?
Are you, we, they late?
Is he, she, it late?
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